Glaucoma is an eye disease that damages the optic nerve. The optic nerve is responsible for relaying information to the brain. Glaucoma results from increased intraocular pressure in the eye caused by fluid buildup. When this pressure is left untreated, it can lead to permanent blind spots or even vision loss. Glaucoma does not usually have noticeable symptoms at first. This is why it is important to receive regular eye exams from an eye doctor. If you live in Kirkland, Renton, or the surrounding areas, contact Dr. Golitz at Eye and Contact Lens Center to schedule an eye exam.
What Causes Glaucoma?
The damage to the optic nerve is usually caused by increased internal eye pressure due to poor drainage. In a healthy eye, aqueous humor flows and drains properly, so there is little pressure. However, when it slows or gets blocked, this fluid can back up and the eye pressure will increase. Early treatment of glaucoma can slow or even stop the progression of this condition.
The type of glaucoma that you have will determine your symptoms. Some symptoms that our eye doctor can treat include:
- Eye pain
- Tired eyes
- Blurry vision
How We Diagnose Glaucoma
During your appointment with our eye doctor, we will perform different tests to see if you have glaucoma. First, eye drops are placed in your eyes that anesthetize them. This numbs your eyes so we can perform a variety of tests. Tonometry calculates the pressure in your eyes. Pachymetry measures the thickness of the cornea. Lastly, a gonioscopy measures the size of the angle between the iris and cornea. During the visit, we will also look at the condition of your optic nerve and test your peripheral vision.
Eye doctors treat glaucoma in severe or advanced cases with a trabeculectomy. This makes a small opening to drain the fluid, which helps to lower the eye pressure. This procedure helps prevent vision loss and additional damage to the optic nerve.
Contact Eye and Contact Lens Center for Glaucoma Testing and Treatment
To ensure your eye health stays at its best, schedule a comprehensive eye exam once per year at Eye and Contact Lens Center. We help patients living in and around Kirkland and Renton, WA. Call our optometrist today at (425) 822-8204 or reach us through our website by using our online contact form.